Friday Fellow: Tropical Kingbird

by Piter Kehoma Boll

ResearchBlogging.orgThis is the first bird featured in Friday Fellow and I have chosen it for a special reason: it’s binomial name is Tyrannus melancholicus, the melancholic tyrant. Isn’t it almost poetic?

Found from southern United States to the northern half of Argentina, the Tropical Kingbird, known as sirirí or suiriri in Spanish and Portuguese, is very well adapted to human disturbed areas, so it is easily spotted along roads or at gardens and parks. Populations inhabiting areas of great seasonality usually migrate to warmer areas, mainly towards southern United States during the winter in the southern hemisphere.

Tropical kingbird in São Paulo, Brazil. Photo by Dario Sanches. Extracted from commons.wikimedia.org

Tropical kingbird in São Paulo, Brazil. Photo by Dario Sanches*. Extracted from commons.wikimedia.org

Tropical Kingbirds are mainly predators, capturing insects intercepted in flight. They don’t seem to be very sensitive to chemical defenses of butterflies, eating even some unpalatable ones and species with similar color patterns, though some species highly unpalatable are indeed rejected. Ocasionally they may also eat fruits.

During the breeding season, they form couples and build together a bowl-shaped nest using small branches, straw and nylon and plastic threads. The female usually lays three eggs in the nest and both birds incubate them and take care of the chicks.

As a consequenceof its adaptability to humans, it is not endangered at all, at least until now, and has a status of Least Concern (LC) by IUCN.

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References:

Cintra, R. 1997. Spatial Distribution and Foraging Tactics of Tyrant Flycatchers in Two Habitats in the Brazilian Amazon. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 32 (1), 17-27 DOI: 10.1076/snfe.32.1.17.13459

Legal, E. 2007. Aspectos da nidificação do siriri, Tyrannus melancholicus (Vieillot, 1819), (Aves, Tyrannidae) em Santa Catarina. Atualidades Ornitológicas On-line, 140, 51-52

Pinheiro, C. E. G. 1996. Palatablility and escaping ability in Neotropical butterflies: tests with wild kingbirds (Tyrannus melancholicus, Tyrannidae) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 59 (4), 351-365 DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1996.tb01471.x

Wikipedia. Tropical Kingbird. Available online at < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_Kingbird >. Access on March 27, 2014.

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1 Comment

Filed under Friday Fellow, Ornithology

One response to “Friday Fellow: Tropical Kingbird

  1. Pingback: The coolest species names | Earthling Nature

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