by Piter Kehoma Boll
One of the few groups of living being not yet featured in Friday Fellow is Rhizaria, a group of single-celled organisms that includes the famous foraminifers. So today I decided to bring you just that, a foraminifer. And I think a good species to start with is Ammonia tepida, or the “tepid ammonia” as I decided to call it.
The tepid ammonia is found worldwide in brackish waters, or more precisely in the sediments deposited in brackish waters worlwide. It is able to tolerate a wide range of temperatures and degrees of salinity and is considered an ideal species of laboratory studies. As most foraminifers, the tepid ammonia secrets a shell of calcium carbonate, which is deposited on the cell’s surface in the form of a chain of chambers forming a spiral path, thus making it look like a snail shell.
Living in the sediments, the tepid ammonia feeds mainly on algae, but also consumes bacteria. In the laboratory, it demonstrated to have the ability to prey on small animals, such as nematodes, copepods and molluk larvae.
This kid got talent!
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Dupuy, C.; Rossignol, L.; Geslin, E.; Pascal, P.-Y. (2010) Predation of mudflat meio-macrofaunal metazoans by a calcareous foraminifer, Ammonia tepida (Cushman, 1926). The Journal of Foraminiferal Research 40 (4): 305–312.
Munsel, D.; Kramar, U.; Dissard, D.; Nehrke, G.; Berner, Z.; Bijma, J.; Reichart, G.-J.; Neumann, T. (2010) Heavy metal incorporation in foraminiferal calcite: results from multi-element enrichment culture experiments with Ammonia tepida. Biogeosciences 7 (8): 2339–2350.
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