Friday Fellow: Wheel Necklace Diatom

ResearchBlogging.orgby Piter Kehoma Boll

Most of you likely know what diatoms are, microscopic algae with a silica shell that are very abundant in the world’s oceans and one of the main oxygen producers. You may have seen images like the one below, showing the diversty of diatoms, but can you name a single species?

diatoms

The beautiful, yet largely neglected by non-experts, diversity of diatoms. Photo by Wikimedia user Wipeter.*

Today I decided to bring you a diatom Friday Fellow and let me tell you: it was not at all easy to select a nice species with a considerable amount of available information and a good picture. But at the end the winner of the First Diatom Friday Fellow Award was…

Thalassiosira rotula!

thalassiosira_rotula

Three connected individuals of Thalassiosira rotula. Photo by micro*scope.**

As with most microorganisms, this species has no common name and, as it is a tradition here, I decided to make one up and chose wheel necklace diatom. Necklace diatom seems to be a good common name for species in the genus Thalassiosira, as they are formed by several individuals connected to each other in a pattern that resembles a necklace. I decided to call this particular species wheel necklace diatom because of its specific epithet, rotula, which means little wheel in Latin.

The wheel necklace diatom is a marine species found worldwide close to the coast. It is very abundant and the dominant species in some areas, so it is of great ecological importance. Small planctonic crustaceans, such as copepods, usually feed on the wheel necklace diatom and, as those crustaceans are used as food for much larger animals, the wheel necklace diatom is responsible for sustaining a whole food chain.

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References:

Ianora, A., Poulet, S., Miralto, A., & Grottoli, R. (1996). The diatom Thalassiosira rotula affects reproductive success in the copepod Acartia clausi Marine Biology, 125 (2), 279-286 DOI: 10.1007/BF00346308

Krawiec, R. (1982). Autecology and clonal variability of the marine centric diatom Thalassiosira rotula (Bacillariophyceae) in response to light, temperature and salinity Marine Biology, 69 (1), 79-89 DOI: 10.1007/BF00396964

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*Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

**Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

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Filed under Algae, Botany, Friday Fellow, protists

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