Friday Fellow: Northern Plaited Radiolarian

by Piter Kehoma Boll

Some weeks ago I introduced a diatom here and mentioned that, despite the fact that they are a very abundant group, little information on species is available. Today our species is a radiolarian and, just as with the diatoms, they are abundant but little known.

I struggled to find an extant species that also had a good and available photo to share. And the winner was a species known as Cleveiplegma boreale, or Rhizoplegma boreale perhaps. I’m not sure what is the currently accepted name. Anyway, it does not have a common name, but I decided to create one, so let’s call it “northern plaited radiolarian”.

Radiolarians are unicelular organism that have an intricate mineral skeleton that contains a central capsule that typically divides the cell into two portions: an inner one and an outer one. Our fellow today looks like this:

cleveiplegma_boreale

A living specimen of the northern plaited radiolarian. Photo by John Dolan.*

The northern plaited radiolarian has from 6 to 10 spines growing out of it and there is a complex plaited pattern of the skeleton that surrounds them and the inner shell. Measuring anout 20µm in diameter, it is a rather large radiolarian.

Although it is known from fossils along the Quaternary, from at least 10 thousand years before present, the northern plaited radiolarian is still a living species. Currently it is known to occur in the Nordic Seas, around Scandinavia, Iceland and Greenland, in the North Pacific, including the Bering Sea, and in the Southern Ocean, around Antarctica. We can see, therefore, that this species likes cold waters.

Ah, and they feed on diatoms… I guess.

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ResearchBlogging.orgReferences:

Dolven, J., & Bjørklund, K. (2001). An early Holocene peak occurrence and recent distribution of Rhizoplegma boreale (Radiolaria): a biomarker in the Norwegian Sea Marine Micropaleontology, 42 (1-2), 25-44 DOI: 10.1016/S0377-8398(01)00011-1

Dumitrica, P. (2013). Cleveiplegma nov. gen., a new generic name for the radiolarian species Rhizoplegma boreale (Cleve, 1899) Revue de Micropaléontologie, 56 (1), 21-25 DOI: 10.1016/j.revmic.2013.01.001

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*Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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