Friday Fellow: Scarlet Elf Cup

por Piter Kehoma Boll

If you like to pay attention on mushrooms growing on the forest soil, you may have found this little fellow sometimes, especially if you live in the Northern Hemisphere. Scientifically known as Sarcoscypha coccinea, its common names include ruby elfcup, scarlet elf cup, scarlet elf cap, or simply scarlet cup.

The scarlet elf cup is an ascomycete, so it is more closely related to morels and truffles than to more famous gilled umbrella-shaped mushrooms. Its cup-shaped fruiting body has a bright red color on the inside and a white color on the outside. It can be found growing on decayed wood in forests of North America and Europe, although it has also been recorded in Australia and Chile.

sarcoscypha_coccinea

Beautiful scarlet elf cups growing on a a fallen log. Photo by geograph user ceridwen*

The fruiting bodies of the scarlet elf cup may vary depending on the environmental conditions. Usually those growing on buried wood in places protected from wind are the greatest, while those growing on wood above the ground and being exposed to wind are usually smaller. There is no agreement on whether the fruiting bodies are edible or not. Some authors consider it edible, while other do not recomend its ingestion. However, there are some records of people eating it, and it is also used as a medicine by Native American peoples, such as the Oneida people.

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References:

EOL. Encyclopedia of Life. Sarcoscypha coccinea. Available at < http://eol.org/pages/1009245/overview >. Access on March 1, 2017.

Wikipedia. Sarcoscypha coccinea. Available at <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoscypha_coccinea >. Access on March 1, 2017.

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*Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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