Category Archives: Uncategorized

New Species: May 2019

by Piter Kehoma Boll

Here is a list of species described this month. It certainly does not include all described species. Most information comes from the journals Mycokeys, Phytokeys, Zookeys, Phytotaxa, Zootaxa, Mycological Progress, Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Systematic and Applied Microbiology, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, PeerJ, Journal of Natural History and PLoS One, as well as several journals restricted to certain taxa.

Bacteria

Hacrobes

SARs

Plants

Mitrephora monocarpa is a new flowering plant from Thailand. Credits to Saunders & Chalermglin (2019).*
Fordiophyton jinpingense is a new flowering plant from China. Credits to Dai et al. (2019).*

Excavates

Lepraria cryptovouauxii is a new lichen from Bolivia. Credits to Guzow-Krzemińska et al. (2019).*

Fungi

Leifia brevispora is a new basidiomycete fungus from China. Credits to Liu et al. (2019).*
Phylloporus rimosus (top) and P. quercophilus (bottom), two new mushroom species from China. Credits to Montoya et al. (2019).*

Sponges

Flatworms

Rotiferans

Bryozoans

Entoproctans

Nemerteans

Okenia problematica is a new sea slug from the Mediterranean. Credits to Pola et al. (2019).*

Mollusks

Laocaia simovi is a new semislug from Vietnam. Credits to Dedov et al. (2019).*

Annelids

Nematodes

Tardigrades

Arachnids

Agorioides cherubino is a new ant-mimicking spider from Papua New Guinea. Credits to Maddison & Szűts (2019).*

Myriapods

Bestiolina sarae is a new copepod from the Pacific waters of Colombia. Credits to Dorado-Roncancio et al. (2019).*

Crustaceans

Hexapods

Bolbochromus setosifrons is a new beetle from the Philippines. Credits to Li et al. (2019).*
Philoplitis trifoveatus is a new parasitoid wasp from India. Credits to Ranjith et al. (2019).*
Lactura nalli is a new moth from the US. Credits to Matson et al. (2019).*

Echinoderms

Chondrichthyans

Actinopterygians

Amphibians

Limnonectes savan is a new frog from Southeast Asia. Credits to Phimmachak et al. (2019).*

Reptiles

Elaphe urartica is a new snake from Eastern Europe. Credits to Jablonski et al. (2019).*
Stenocercus canastra is a new lizard from Brazil. Credits to Avila-Pires et al. (2019).*

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*Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Filed under Systematics, taxonomy, Uncategorized

The bat folk songs: cultural evolution in our winged relatives

by Piter Kehoma Boll

For a long time, culture was considered a human trait, but nowadays we recognize the existence of culture in many other species, such as other primates, whales and some birds too. Now there are some evidences of culture being found in bats too.

A group of researchers from China studied the calls of the Chinese rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus) across different populations and compared them to genetic and environmental variables to determine whether the differences where linked to genetic differences between the populations or to different environments that would force the bats to change their calls in order to use them more successfully.

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The smile of a cult bat (Rhinolophus sinicus). Photo by Ecohealth Alliance, extracted from Eureka Alert.

The results indicate that none of those two factors were strongly linked to the acoustic differences in the calls. The most likely explanation is that the differences happen due to cultural drift. The bats are teaching a way to speak to their children that is slightly different from what their neighbors speak, even if the neighbors are genetically similar and live in a similar environment.

As an animal’s call is an important variable during mating, this may eventually lead to reproductive isolation even without genetic differences. Culture can also shape evolution!

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Reference:

Xie, L.; Sun, K.; Jiang, T.; Liu, S.; Lu, G.; Jin, L.; Feng, J. (2017) The effects of cultural drift on geographic variation in echolocation calls of the Chinese rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus)Ethology 123(8): 532-541.

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Filed under Behavior, Evolution, mammals, Uncategorized

New species: April 2nd week

by Piter Kehoma Boll

Here is a list of species described from April 8 to April 14. It certainly does not include all described species. Most information comes from the journals Mycokeys, Phytokeys, Zookeys, Phytotaxa and Zootaxa.

Alburnoides damghani sp. nov. Roudbar et al., 2016, a new fish from Iran.

Alburnoides damghani sp. nov. Roudbar et al., 2016, a new fish from Iran.

Bacteria:

Heterokonts:

Plants:

Fungi:

Cnidarians:

Flatworms:

Annelids:

Mollusks:

Horsehair worms:

Water bears:

Arachnids:

Crustaceans:

Insects:

Ray-finned fishes:

Lissamphibians:

Reptiles:

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Filed under Systematics, Uncategorized