Tag Archives: Pezizales

Friday Fellow: Yellow Morel

by Piter Kehoma Boll

Time for our next fungus, and this time it is a delicious one, or at least I think so, as I have never eaten it. Scientifically known as Morchella esculenta, its common names include common morel, yellow morel, true morel or simply morel.

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A fruiting body of the yellow morel in France. Photo by Henk Monster.*

Common in North America and Europe, as well as in some parts of Asia, especially in wooden areas, the yellow morel is a popular edible fungus of the phylum Ascomycota, so it is not closely related to the more common mushrooms, but it is a relative of the truffles, for example.

Morels are usually easily recognizable due to their peculiar appearance. Appearing during spring, their fruiting body is more or less oval in shape, covered with irregular pits and ridges, and hollow.

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An open morel showing its hollowness. Photo by Wikimedia user 00Amanita00.*

Although being one of the most highly prized mushrooms, morels can give you some undesirable effects, such as gastrointestinal problems, if eaten raw or if too old. So, it is advisable to eat young mushrooms and at least blanching them before consumption. As they are hollow, it is common to eat them stuffed with vegetables or meat.

Pharmacological and biochemical studies revealed that the yellow morel has many healthy properties, such as the presence of antioxidants and substances that stimulate the immune system, as well as anti-inflammatory and antitumour properties. It is certainly a food that is worth to include in our diet, too bad that is tends to be kind of expensive…

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References:

Duncan, C. J. G.; Pugh, N.; Pasco, D. S.; Ross, S. A. (2002) Isolation of galactomannan that enhances macrophage activation from the edible fungs Morchella esculentaJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50(20): 5683–5695. DOI: 10.1021/jf020267c

Mau, J.-L.; Chang, C.-N.; Huang, S.-J.; Chen, C.-C. (2004) Antioxidant properties of methanolic extracts from Grifola frondosa, Morchella esculenta and Termitomyces albuminosus mycelia. Food Chemistry, 87(1): 111-118.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.10.026

Nitha, B.; Meera, C. R.; Janardhanan, K. K. (2007) Anti-inflammatory and antitumour activities of cultured mycelium of morel mushroom, Morchella esculentaCurrent Science, 92(2): 235–239.

Wikipedia. Morchella esculenta. Available at < https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morchella_esculenta >. Access on October 31, 2017.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

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Friday Fellow: Scarlet Elf Cup

por Piter Kehoma Boll

If you like to pay attention on mushrooms growing on the forest soil, you may have found this little fellow sometimes, especially if you live in the Northern Hemisphere. Scientifically known as Sarcoscypha coccinea, its common names include ruby elfcup, scarlet elf cup, scarlet elf cap, or simply scarlet cup.

The scarlet elf cup is an ascomycete, so it is more closely related to morels and truffles than to more famous gilled umbrella-shaped mushrooms. Its cup-shaped fruiting body has a bright red color on the inside and a white color on the outside. It can be found growing on decayed wood in forests of North America and Europe, although it has also been recorded in Australia and Chile.

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Beautiful scarlet elf cups growing on a a fallen log. Photo by geograph user ceridwen*

The fruiting bodies of the scarlet elf cup may vary depending on the environmental conditions. Usually those growing on buried wood in places protected from wind are the greatest, while those growing on wood above the ground and being exposed to wind are usually smaller. There is no agreement on whether the fruiting bodies are edible or not. Some authors consider it edible, while other do not recomend its ingestion. However, there are some records of people eating it, and it is also used as a medicine by Native American peoples, such as the Oneida people.

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References:

EOL. Encyclopedia of Life. Sarcoscypha coccinea. Available at < http://eol.org/pages/1009245/overview >. Access on March 1, 2017.

Wikipedia. Sarcoscypha coccinea. Available at <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoscypha_coccinea >. Access on March 1, 2017.

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*Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License.

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